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Going for a Soldier

Anne-Marie Ford    -    6 May 2012

Moses Rawlins, Wife and Son Fined for Being Drunk,’ declared the Hampshire and Berkshire Gazette of 3rd December 1881:

Moses Rawlins, his wife, Amelia, and son, Charles, all of Pamber Common, were summoned before the Reading County Magistrates for being drunk and incapable on the highway at Burghfield. Charles, who did not appear, had run away and enlisted at Reading, Moses and Amelia being hot on his heels to buy him off, which they did. On the way home they quarrelled and a fight broke out. Each were fined 5/- with 7/10d costs. Amelia left the court expressing her disapproval at the whole proceedings.

The Rawlins family had travelled between Wiltshire, Berkshire and Hampshire for the previous two generations, but Moses, a chimney sweep, appears to have settled in Hampshire. Moses and Amelia, who were first cousins, were married in the March quarter of 1852 in the registration district of Kingsclere, and their known children were all baptised in Hampshire: John, who was born about 1853, and died in 1870, aged 17 years; Mary Anne, born around 1854; ; George, baptised in the parish of Rotherwick on 22nd November 1856; Olive, baptised 17th April 1859at Tadley, and named after Amelia’s mother; Charles Moses, baptised on 12th May 1861 at Tadley, the son of a chimney sweep; Charlotte,born about 1863; Amelia, born around 1865; Thomas,born about 1857; William, born around 1869; Moses in about 1871; Job born in about 1874; Martha, named after Moses’ mother, in around 1876.

By the 1891 census three of Moses’ and Amelia’s sons are working in their father’s business, whilst the erstwhile soldier, Charles, seems determined to avoid this, and is recorded as an agricultural labourer.Their son, Thomas, also appears to have made the local papers. Surely he is the Thomas Rawlins, fined for driving a cart with no lights, recorded in the Hampshire and Berkshire Gazette of 25th October 1902, and described as “a loud voiced and rather brazen individual.”

Moses was the son of Williams Rawlins and Martha Humphreys, who were married at the parish of Whitchurch on 5th June 1820, when Martha was about 22, having been baptised at Barton Stacey in 1798, and William was around 19, since his baptism dates from 13th November 1801 at Hungerford, in Berkshire. William, Martha and their family can be found in the parish of Rotherwick, in Hampshire, in the 1841 census, with their children: Joseph, born about 1826; Diane, born around 1829; Moses, born some two years later; Mary, baptised on 10th March 1833; Sarah, born around 1837; and James, born about 1838. Other probable children for this couple are John Rollins (sic) baptised 25th March 1821, in Oakley, Hampshire, William, baptised in Fawley, Hampshire on 7th February 1823 and Caroline, baptised at Micheldever, Hampshire on 21st May 1843.

Amelia, meanwhile, born about 1835, is the daughter of James Rawlins and Olive, whose first child, William, named for James’ brother and his father, was baptised on 7th June 1829 (born on 27th May 1828), at Chiseldon, Wiltshire, the son of a traveller. By the 1841 census they, too,are in Hampshire, at Ramsdale Heath, Wootton St Lawrence, with children Job, born about 1833, Amelia, Harriott, born about 1838 and Mary, just eight months old. They are also travelling with a William Bull, his wife Sarah, and children Stephen, Alfred and James. As James Rawlins’ mother was a Bull, prior to her marriage, they are almost certainly cousins. By 1851 James is dead, and the family are at Tadley, Olive is recorded as a chimney sweep’s widow, and sons William and Job as chimney sweepers.

William Rawlins, father of Moses, was also the son of a William, whose known children with Keziah Bull, the daughter of William and Rosamund Bull, wereWilliam, James, born about 1803, who married Olive Hunt; Freedom, born around 1804; Harriet, baptised 24th November 1805 in Oakley, Hampshire, marrying Cornelius James at Oakley, Hampshire on 14th October 1823; Lily May, born about 1806; Mary, born around 1808.

Keziah’s parents were married in StratfieldSaye, Hampshire on 17th April 1771, and her known siblings were all baptised in Hampshire (Stephen, on 6th March 1774 at Bramley; Luke in the same location, on 14th October 1793; Jemima at Hurstbourne Tarrant on 11th June 1786 and Keziah herself at Winstoke on 25th April 1784), her father claims birth in 1746 at Devizes, in Wiltshire.

Keziah’s second husband was George Frankham, *a basket maker, whom she married on 20thDecember 1810, in the parish of Thatcham, Berkshire. George, like Keziah’s father, claimed birth in Devizes, Wiltshire, and when he himself married again, late in life, said that he had been born about 1787, the son of John Frankum and Susanna Lane, who had married on 21st January 1786 at Tilehurst, in Berkshire. The other known children of John and Susanna Frankumare Hannah, baptised on 21st February 1796 in Corsham, Wiltshire, Sarah, baptised on 20th April 1786 at Whitchurch, Hampshire, Joseph, baptised in the same location, on 10th January 1790, and Kezia, baptised on 1st April 1804 in Wokingham, Berkshire.

Keziah was to have at least seven more children with her second husband: John, born on 23rd November 1811 and baptised at Hurstbourne, Hampshire on 1st December 1811, who married H/Esther Gritt on 6th January 1836; Joseph, born about 1814; Moses, baptised 12th March 1815 at Oakley, Hampshire, who was to marry Elizabeth Gregory in the December quarter of 1845 in the registration district of Basingstoke; George, named for his father, born around 1822, who married Martha Stacey at Pamber on 9th May 1842; Hezekiah, baptised 7th March 1825, who was married, as son of George, a basket maker, on 18th March 1844, aged 19 years, to Harriet Grigg, 23, daughter of James Grigg, hawker, at Newnham, Hampshire; Keziah, named for her mother, baptised 29th June 1821, at Andover, Hampshire, marrying Joseph Prouten in 1855;Rosannah, born about 1828, who had a daughter, Susan, in 1850, and who married James Jennings in 1852; Susan, born about 1830.When Keziah died, during the March quarter of 1858, in the registration district of Basingstoke, she was about 74 years old, a good age for a nineteenth-century woman who had given birth to some 13 children.

In the 1861 census, following Keziah’s death, George can be found with his son, Moses, and his wife, Elizabeth, and their children: James, born about 1845; Elizabeth, born about two years later; Deborah, born around 1851; Elisha, born about 1853; Walter, born around 1855; Frederick, born some three years later; Arthur, born about 1860. They are all at Wootton St Lawrence. By 1871, however, George is on Pamber Common with Susannah Rivers, some 20 years his junior, and on 26th August 1878, in Pamber, Hampshire, they are married, a year prior to George’s death, on 9th September 1879, claiming to be 91 years of age. If this was an overestimate it was probably only by a few years, as his first marriage to Keziahtook place in 1810, the very latest he could have been born was 1894.

Of John Frankham, Kezia’s eldest son with George, we know that he and his wife, Esther, had daughters Louisa, born about 1836, and Kezia, named for his mother, some two years later. They used George, John’s father’s name, for their son, born about 1842, Susan was born the following year, and Eliza in about 1847. In 1850 Henry was added to their family, Ellen in around 1853, John some two years later and Emma, born about 1858. By 1871 there is another child, Olive, born around 1864; she can be found living with her widowed father in the 1881 census, and working as a hawker. By John’s death, in the June quarter of 1896 in the registration district of Basingstoke, he was about 84 years of age.

Moses Frankham, John’s brother, and his wife, Elizabeth, had daughters Julia in about 1838, Olive two years later, and Mary Anne in 1844. James was born in 1846, Elizabeth the following year and Deborah in 1850. By 1861 Elisha, Walter, Frederick and Arthur had been added to their brood, but 10 years later Elizabeth has died, and Moses can be found living with his four youngest sons. He died in 1893, claiming to be 80 years of age.

Kezia’s son, Hezekiah, and his wife, Harriet, baptised John on 27th September in Seale, Surrey, Jesse on 3rd December 1848 at Worplesdon, Surrey, son of a basket maker, and Eli on 28th March 1852 at StratfieldSaye, Hampshire. Samuel, their only other known child, was born about 1855, and can be found with them in the 1871 census in tents at Overton, Hampshire, where Hezekiah is described as a pedlar.

George Frankham, another brother, and his wife, Martha Stacey, had eight known children, Marcy, born about 1844, dying early, aged 18, in the December quarter of 1862 in the registration district of Basingstoke. Sons Charles, born about 1847, James, baptised on 30th April 1848, Francis, baptised 21st July 1850, and Arthur, baptised on 5th February 1854, followed, then Elizabeth, baptised 21st September 1856, and Alfred, baptised 20th November 1859 (dying just over a year later),all at Monk Sherborne, Hampshire. Young Martha was baptised on 6th April 1862 at Oakley, Hampshire and, finally, Alice Agnes,was baptised back at Monk Sherborne, on 10th September 1864. Martha was only about 63 at the time of her death, in the December quarter of 1886, in the registration district of Basingstoke. George, like his father, was to have a long life, and exchanged basket making for market gardening; by 1901 he is living with his son, Frank, who is now a carpenter, his wife Fanny and children Joseph, born about 1880, Frederick, born around 1889 and a grand-daughter, named Martha, in memory of her grandmother, born about 1892.

Kezia’s grandchildren, Moses and Amelia Rawlins, who began this story, were also to forge links with the Stacey family, their daughter Amelia marrying Nathaniel Stacey, son of Thomas, a woodman. In 1901 Nathan, a labourer, and Amelia, a hawker, are in a tent on the Old Road, Alton, Hampshire, with children Eliza, born about 1882, Amelia, born around 1885, John, born a year later, twins Mary and Elizabeth, born about 1893, Rosa, born the following year, and Alice, just two months old. Moses and his wife were to live into the twentieth century, Amelia’s death is recorded in the June quarter of 1904 in the registration district of Basingstoke, at the age of 72. Her husband outlived her by another five years, dying during the September quarter of 1909, in the same district, claiming to be 83 years old.

Again, I would like to thank Raymond West for his help and generosity, and refer you to his excellent Pamber Archives website.

Copyright © 2012 Anne-Marie Ford